Is human nature good or evil?

  1. Ngoại ngữ

There are 2 different approaches to human nature:

- Human is fundamentally good just like the quotes: "Nhân chi sơ tính bổn thiên" - Mạnh Tử

- Or basically evil - "Nhân chi sơ tính bổn ác" - Tuân Tử

Which statement do you agree with? Why?

I just want to know your idea about this so if you find it too hard to answer in English, you can use Vietnamese

Từ khóa: 

english debate

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kiến thức chung

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tâm lý học

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phong cách sống

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ngoại ngữ

Humans are naturally societal creature. We are not build to be good or evil since there are no good, precise, and satisfying definition and classification of good and evil. Good and evil are subjective concepts, by which no one person can have a definition that accepted by all.

Humans are naturally build to accommodate life, we are build with certain functions in our brain for the purpose of living with our community, that's a fundamental human's feature.

We are built by the things around us. Through our education and interaction, we develop ideas and instincts of how to survive and go along.

When we, the normal, short-sighted viewers, look and update on news about a ruthless murderer, we got angry, frustrated, infuriated with this human being. So we blame this committed evil onto the so-called "human nature". What we often overlook is their past life with their parents, how they are abused, forgotten, beaten and no one is there for them, or how they lack the education in schools or their own guardians.

By saying human nature is either evil or good, we basically proclaim that a person is set on a course of paths that would lead what people and society consider to be bad or good. The truth is that we humans are a blank paper when we were born, genetics only made up the type and quality of the paper but not what's written on it.

Humans are naturally multisided. There are too many things about the pieces and building blocks that made up a human character. Just like our body, our character is three-dimensional. The human experience both bad and good events and will therefore a both good and bad person. A person can be greedy for him/herself yet super humorous. In fact, it is hard to say whether these are our faults to begin with, since we usually only get them from the education or lack thereof or life experiences in our childhood and adulthood. There is just no definitive answer for such a question, since the concepts of good and evil, just and unjust, and the classification of human beings' character into clear line boxes are just unfathomable.

Trả lời

Humans are naturally societal creature. We are not build to be good or evil since there are no good, precise, and satisfying definition and classification of good and evil. Good and evil are subjective concepts, by which no one person can have a definition that accepted by all.

Humans are naturally build to accommodate life, we are build with certain functions in our brain for the purpose of living with our community, that's a fundamental human's feature.

We are built by the things around us. Through our education and interaction, we develop ideas and instincts of how to survive and go along.

When we, the normal, short-sighted viewers, look and update on news about a ruthless murderer, we got angry, frustrated, infuriated with this human being. So we blame this committed evil onto the so-called "human nature". What we often overlook is their past life with their parents, how they are abused, forgotten, beaten and no one is there for them, or how they lack the education in schools or their own guardians.

By saying human nature is either evil or good, we basically proclaim that a person is set on a course of paths that would lead what people and society consider to be bad or good. The truth is that we humans are a blank paper when we were born, genetics only made up the type and quality of the paper but not what's written on it.

Humans are naturally multisided. There are too many things about the pieces and building blocks that made up a human character. Just like our body, our character is three-dimensional. The human experience both bad and good events and will therefore a both good and bad person. A person can be greedy for him/herself yet super humorous. In fact, it is hard to say whether these are our faults to begin with, since we usually only get them from the education or lack thereof or life experiences in our childhood and adulthood. There is just no definitive answer for such a question, since the concepts of good and evil, just and unjust, and the classification of human beings' character into clear line boxes are just unfathomable.

IMO, humans can be both evil and good. They're both sides of the same coin called "human nature".

In 1974, a Yugoslavian (a country located in Southern-Central Europe) female performance artist named Marina Abramovic conducted a research on human nature by letting the pariticpants do anything, ANYTHING, to her body. The participants can use a whole range of many different tools (from flowers, water, ropes, to things like razors, knives, and a loaded gun) during this experiment.

For a period of total 6 hours, she was photograhed, humiliated, undressed to naked, groped, cut. One participant even made her point the gun to her head. And these participants were all strangers to her, which means they didn't have any personal issues with her - no reason to do such cruel things to her body.

Source:

https://www.elitereaders.com/performance-artist-marina-abramovic-social-experiment/?cn-reloaded=1

Also, several other experiments conducted to reveal whether people would rather donate their money to superficial causes (like the girls who need money for things like makeups or breast surgery) or to beggars who actually, really need money for survival needs.

What they found out was really disturbing: people would rather donate to the girls who already look rich, while ignore the girls who look like beggars (and they're both the same person in both videos).

So what does this say about human psychology? Do we tend to be superficial/judgemental and ignorant of others' sufferings and needs? From these experiments' perspective, it seems so. :-(

I saw a video from Mrs. My Holland in an event hosted by Anphabe. The video indicates that we are almost born to be good naturally by an experiment conducted with a large amount of babies (the babies couldnt speak yet). 
The babies witnessed a short play of 2 teddy bears and a bunny. When the bunny was trying to open a box, the good teddy bear saw and helped the bunny; meanwhile the bad teddy bear tried to ruin bunny’s effort by sitting on the box. After that, supporters gave the babies such 2 teddy bears so that they could make a choice. How supprised! Most of them chose the good one and ignored the bad. Only a few vice versa. It is proven by psychological science. We are born that good but might be changed as a sequence of being affacted by others and environment.